EEC-UN governments have extensive experience and expertise in developing coherent international transport networks in Europe. They have put in place four major transport network agreements aimed at developing coherent networks for road, rail, inland navigation and combined transport. The EEC-UN`s transport network agreements include: like many civil engineering sectors, the private sector can be involved in the implementation of transport projects that may include design and construction, project management such as maintenance and operations, and project financing, i.e. capital raising. Funding for modern transportation infrastructure faces the following challenges: public-private partnerships (PPPs) are contractual agreements between a public body (federal, regional or communal) and a private body that designs, builds, operates or funds transport infrastructure. They offer a wide range of options for capital allocation and participation levels. They can simply cover the standard design/build contracting process, common in many road projects, or include innovative approaches in which a private operator supports the construction and management of a transport infrastructure through a long-term concession. This economic model has been used for centuries, particularly in the public services sector. Once privatization is considered, an important issue will be a question on which it will arise.
There are several options ranging from the full sale of the infrastructure to a management contract in which the public sector remains the owner and supports a portion of the revenue. Three forms of privatization are particularly dominant: 4. The European Agreement on Major Waterways of International Importance (AGN) defines the Internationally agreed European network of inland waterways and ports, as well as the harmonised infrastructure and operating parameters they should meet. The geographical scope of the river network E, consisting of navigable rivers, canals and coastal roads, extends from the Atlantic to the Urals, connects 37 countries and extends beyond the European region. By joining the AGN, governments are committed to developing and building their waterways and ports of international importance, in accordance with agreed uniform conditions and as part of their investment programmes. The AGN came into force on July 26, 1999. To date, 13 EEC-UN member states have become contracting parties to the AGN. Due to their nature and function, several other forms of privatization of intermodal cargo terminals can be implemented. Because intermodal terminals are heavily equipped with equipment, leases are an important dimension of privatization and the strategies of existing private infrastructure managers. As the freight sector becomes more efficient and profitable, it has attracted the attention of large limited companies in search of returns on investment.
The cost of acquiring intermodal terminals, particularly port facilities, has increased significantly in recent years, with large participating companies competing for safe (and therefore low-risk) equipment. A new wave of mergers and acquisitions has taken place at the global and national level, as limited companies view terminals as an asset class with different forms of promise of value: THE PEPPOL Coordination Authority has authority over all the central components of the PEPPOL eDelivery Network (technical and service specifications, Service locator, transport infrastructure agreements and their annexes) and will delegate the authority for the implementation and use of infrastructure in a defined area to a PEPPOL authority.