The chairman of the United Nations Joint Committee, Colonel Garrison B. Coverdale (United States), insisted that the issue be found in a friendly and UN spirit in the Joint Ceasefire Commission. After some hesitation, this procedure was accepted and an agreement was finally reached under which the ceasefire demarcation line was changed for Jordanian Obdukin, who agreed to transfer uninhabited but fertile territory south of Bethlehem under Israeli control.  Ceasefire agreements should only serve as an interim agreement until they are replaced by permanent peace agreements. However, it took three decades to reach a peace agreement between Israel and Egypt, and it took another 15 years to reach a peace agreement between Israel and Jordan. To date, no peace treaty has been signed between Israel and Lebanon [N 1] or between Israel and Syria. A 1949 UNITED Nations ceasefire agreement between the State of Israel and four Arab states. The last agreement, the GAA between Syria and Israel, was reached after long quarrels and many delays. On July 7, 1949, signed by Lieutenant-Colonel Makleff on behalf of Israel and Colonel Fawzi Silo for the Syrians near the Banat-Yaqub Bridge in the Jordan River.
Two major problems continued to hamper the full implementation of these GAAs: the status of demilitarized zones and the use of the waters of the Jordan River and its tributaries. These problems ultimately contributed to the main causes of the Arab-Israeli war of June 1967 and the conquest of the Golan Heights by Israeli troops. The Syrian-Israeli GAA predicted that a number of areas previously held by the Syrian army were declared demilitarized zones. Sharp differences of opinion, often at the root of violent measures, have erupted from the outset on the status and disposition of these areas. Israel has carried out several civilian projects in these areas without respecting the rights of Arab landowners, while Syrian gunmen have fired on operators of such projects as a violation of the GAA. Some of these clashes, particularly in the 1960s, escalated into large outbreaks, including the use of artillery, armaments and the air force. Iraq, whose troops actively participated in the war (although it had no common border with Israel), withdrew its troops from the region in March 1949. The front occupied by Iraqi forces was covered by the ceasefire agreement between Israel and Jordan and there was no separate agreement with Iraq. The Israeli-Jordanian GAA was signed on April 3, 1949 in Rhodes by Colonel Ahmad Sidqi Bey al-Jundi for the Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan and by Reuven Shiloah and the Pass. Moshe Dayan on behalf of Israel.
The real breakthrough and the terms of the agreement were actually concluded in secret conversations between King Abdullah and Israeli representatives in the king`s palace in Shuna. The Israeli-Jordanian GAA resolved a number of issues such as Jewish access to the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem`s Old City and Jordanian access to the south via Bethlehem Street in subsequent negotiations. But the failure of secret peace negotiations between Israeli officials and Abdullah in 1949 and 1951, the assassination of the king in July 1951 and the resulting rapid deterioration of Israeli-Jordanian relations served to block the resolution of these outstanding issues. Nevertheless, this agreement, with many back-and-forth, has been maintained for nearly twenty years, as a more or less effective framework for the settlement of relations between the two states. The agreement with Lebanon was signed on March 23, 1949.  The most important points were: a list of 29 complaints is affirmed in the report of 27 October 1953 by the Chief of Staff of the Ceasefire Monitoring Organization.  See Appendix I, II and II for a tabular list of complaints filed by Israel and Jordan at the MAC, the number of convictions imposed on each country as a result of Mac-mac investigations by Jordan was presented on 6 April 1954.  These alleged violations included alleged Jordanian attacks on an Israeli civilian bus, 11 people killed (see above, 17 March), attacks on Israeli peasants and Bedouins, snipers of Israeli civilians from the old